There are many teaching strategies impacting on student learning. Not all strategies suits every learning situation. Here is one strategy that is about biting off more than you can chew - and then keep on chewing.
For relief teaching it is an excellent teaching strategy because it build success in a short amount of time.
Explicit instruction is a systematic teaching and learning model that promotes student familiarity yet support differentiated instruction. This is, arguably, explicit instruction greatest strength.
Routine in a classroom makes teaching more efficient. Learner’s familiarity with the system, the language and the pattern of teaching enables them to connect with the teacher. When teaching strategies become predictable, learners use the cues to understand what comes next.
Explicit instruction essentially has 3 distinct phases.
Phase 1 - Orientation Phase.
Teachers build on prior experience and understanding, enabling learners to build relationships between what is new and what is known. Teaching strategies ensure learners have a clear understanding of the goals to be achieved and the criteria for success.
These must be expressed as clear, concise statements.
Once the goals are clear, it is important for learners to review the skills previously taught. Activating prior knowledge enables students to organise their knowledge into a new construct.
Phase 2 - Engagement Phase.
The strategies here are targeted towards developing independent learners using differentiated instruction.
Teachers model the new skills, providing step by step instructions.
Teaching strategies are geared towards demonstrating the processes and knowledge.
Allow the students to practice and apply the new skills. The teacher’s role is to guide and support and gradually reduces the scaffolding for students as they progress towards independence.
The language patterns moves from
Students start to develop independence. Teaching strategies used include remediation and corrective strategies during this differentiated instruction stage.
The teacher monitors student activity and provides differentiated instruction.
During this stage, some students will either require extension, minimum intervention or extensive remediation.
This model of differentiated instruction is essential to student success.
Teaching strategies in this phase are designed to help students organise the skills, concepts or understanding into their knowledge construct. The teacher provides corrective procedures for any misunderstandings or misconceptions.
It is important during this phase to restate the learning goal and provide the criteria for success.
For example: “When writing your next story, I want you to stop and rework the sentences that can be combined into more expressive sentences.
The teaching strategies used during the explicit teaching model are all aimed at developing student competence and independence.
The strength of this model is that students, who are continually exposed to these teaching strategies, are able to understand the role of teaching to their learning. This connectedness makes explicit instruction one of the most successfully strategies to implement.